IKatzu - EULA Fun and Tangled Trails

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Presenting IKatzu, the browser helper object that supposedly pops adverts but doesn't actually seem to do anything. Not at the moment, anyway - but that doesn't mean we can't investigate. Shall we dig around behind the scenes and see where this comes from? Let's kick things off by looking at some of the files that get dumped into your System32 folder when the initial executable is activated by the user:


The purpose of this bundle of joy is to show you adverts - as you might have expected. However, what's far more interesting than the actual application is the tangled web behind the software. A quick Google for the program seems to hint at a page promising terms and conditions, from a site called Artella.biz. However, at present the "page is not available". Thanks to good old Google cache, I was able to retrieve the T&Cs - because I'm sure Artella don't want those going missing, right? - and ran them through the Eula Analyzer. A brief look at the page made my grind teeth and probably clench a few fists, because it is so reminiscent of the "Olde Worlde" Adware bundle license agreements from 2005 / 06, where six hundred odd applications are listed along with links to other website EULAs, many of which would lead you to 404 errors or worse. I was hoping this kind of license had gone out with the Ark, but apparently not. In this case, things aren't much better - for the sake of an application that's supposed to show you some adverts, on a regular 17 Inch monitor (at least, I think that's what I'm using, don't blame me if I'm wrong), the whole thing took SEVENTEEN PAGES OF INDIVIDUAL TEXT to scroll through.

That's a lot of text.

There are also a few links off site to other pages of information, and references to companies that might be included "if applicable". All in all, not the best start. However, it gets worse - the entire EULA can be read here, and these are the results:

Number of characters: 55671
Number of words: 9399
Number of sentences: 357
Average words per sentence: 26.33
Flesch Score: 23.5
Flesch Grade: 17 : Beyond Twelfth Grade reading level
Automated Readability Index: 20 : Beyond Twelfth Grade reading level
Coleman-Liau Index: 21 : Beyond Twelfth Grade reading level
Gunning-Fog Index: 42 : Beyond Twelfth Grade reading level

...that's a pretty crazy EULA someone expects you to wade through. 9,399 words? 300+ sentences? All to see some ads? No thanks.

There's a fair amount of talk regarding removal of the advertising software in conjunction with something called "Upads.biz", so off we go to have a look:

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...is it just me, or does the picture of the laughing dude creep you out too? Ick. Anyway, a Whois search is predictably fruitless:

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Any and all useful information is hidden by "Moniker Privacy Services". That seems to be true for most (if not all) sites involved in this distribution network. We're left with Artella, so let's go check them out:

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The interesting thing here is that although this site also has its contact details hidden via Moniker Privacy Services, they sort of made that pointless by placing an address on the front page of their website - 48 Bella Vista, Edificio No. 27, Local No. 2, Ciudad de Panama, Rep. De Panama.

Bit weird?

Anyway, we finally have an address so we're vaguely better off than we were previously. However - things are about to get even weirder. Let's take a quick jump over to their Uninstall Page where they come down hard on anyone wanting to remove their application from a PC:

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"Please be aware that many so called "ad ware removers" and "spy ware removers" can cause damage to your computer and may alter your computer in such a way that our automated removal application will not function. At the present time, there is no third party software which is capable of removing Artella applications. If you have purchased an application which claims to remove Artella, we encourage you to contact your credit card company and request an immediate reversal with the reason of "Product Not As Described" and/or contact the Better Business Bureau."

.....ouch! And "no third party which is capable of removing Artella applications"? I guess this was just a dream, then. I went and tried their Uninstaller:


Imagine my dismay, then, when after hitting the YOU REMOVE NOW button the entry from Add / Remove programs just....vanished. No confirmation, no box appearing to say job well done....nothing. The entry from "Manage Add Ons" in IE had vanished, and a few files had disappeared from the System32 Folder, but that was about it - a bunch of files were still sitting there with no real indication that anything much had changed.

So I restarted my machine, hoping to see a lean, clean machine - but, lo and behold....


...the same files, still sitting there! Are they active? Are they dead? And aren't I supposed to report those pesky removal tools to the Better Business Bureau? Who knows, is what the response of the average (and probably not so average) Internet user is going to be. Even better, running quick HijackThis scan shows the following:


...ads_cpd.exe is still listed as a service! (It's still sitting in the System32 Folder, too). Considering they spent so much time complaining about third party removal tools, you'd have thought they'd have done a better job of it with their own uninstaller but oh well.

We're not done yet with this page, either. Remember "48 Bella Vista", listed as their "main headquarters" on the frontpage of their website? Well on the Uninstall Page, their "main headquarters" are listed as "Avenida Winston Churchill, Edificio Vista Del Mar, No. 43 Ciudad de Panam?, Rep. De Panam?."

....is it just me, or do they have two different main headquarters?

Let's finish this one off with a familiar face - going back to the huge EULA page, who should be listed but....

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...Mirar! Yep, just when you thought things couldn't get any more convoluted, along comes yet another element into an already crowded and confusing mix.

....what was I writing about again? Oh yeah, IKatzu. Sorry. Given the seemingly endless EULA pages, the amount of secrecy with regards who a lot of these associated sited are registered to, the multiple "main headquarters" addresses, T&C pages that seemingly no longer exist and an uninstaller that doesn't really instill faith into the end-user, I don't recommend installing this application.

......be honest, did you think I was going to say anything else?

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About this Entry

This page contains a single entry by Christopher Boyd published on October 25, 2007 12:35 PM.

Q Nyx - Popup Heaven was the previous entry in this blog.

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